Land-Climate Interactions: Constraints for Droughts and Heatwaves in a Changing Climate

Work Package 2

"Earth system models": Constraints to reduce ESM uncertainties and biases

Projects 3 and 4 will directly build upon knowledge acquired in WP1. They are scheduled to start at Month 10, so that they can use initial diagnostics identified in the first year of Projects 1 and 2, and at the same time also provide feedback on best avenues to isolate observational diagnostics specifically suited to evaluating and constraining ESMs. Both Projects will combine own model experiments (with ESMs and LSMs, with support from the model developer) and analyses of multi-model experiments. They will focus on the following topics:

The two PhD projects will address the following main questions: